Jumat, 18 November 2011

Materi Bahasa Inggris: Descriptive Texts

READING, GENRE: DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
Materi, Soal dan Pembahasan Bahasa Inggris Ujian Nasional SMP
Descriptive Text, Teks Deskriptif, adalah teks yang mendiskripsikan, menggambarkan, atau menguraikan tentang sesuatu, misalnya benda, orang ataupun tempat tertentu. Uraian teks ini biasanya meliputi karakteristik, jenis, bentuk, fungsi dan hal-hal terperinci tentang “sesuatu” tersebut.
Ciri-ciri Descriptive Text:
1. Struktur umumnya (generic structure) terdiri dari:
  • Identification: Bagian (kalimat) yang memperkenalkan (introducing) sesuatu.
  • Description: Bagian  yang berisi uraian atau gambaran tentang sesuatu tersebut, misalnya tentang jenis dan bentuknya.
2. Grammatical Features umumnya  tenses “simple present”
3. Isi teks fokus pada pembahasan terperinci mengenai sesuatu atau benda yang dimaksud.
Contoh Descriptive Text:
THE WHITE HOUSE
One of the most famous buildings in Washington D.C. is the White House. It is the home of the president of the United States.
The White House is a very large white building. It has three main parts, namely the main building and two wings (west and east wings). The main building has large central porches. The porches have tall columns. Large lawns and gardens surround the White House.
Generic Structure teks di atas sebagai berikut:
Identification: One of the most famous buildings in Washington D.C. is the White House.
Description: It is the home of the president of the United States. The White House is a very large white building. It has three main parts, namely the main building and two wings (west and east wings). The main building has large central porches. The porches have tall columns. Large lawns and gardens surround the White House.

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